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What is 5-aminolevulinic acid ?
Nov 09, 2021

What is 5-aminolevulinic acid ?

5-Aminolevulinic acid is a chemical whose molecular formula is C5H9N03.

5-ALA is the prefix compound of tetrahydropyrrole (tetrahydropyrrole is a substance that constitutes heme, cytochrome, and vitamin B12), and it is an essential substance for organisms to synthesize chlorophyll, heme, vitamin B12, etc. In agriculture, it is often used to increase light and efficiency, promote color change, etc.

What is aminolevulinic acid used for?

Agriculture field

As a new type of light-activated pesticide with high environmental compatibility and selectivity, 5-ALA is widely used in the agricultural field.

(1) Used as plant growth regulator

Recent studies have shown that 5-ALA has the following effects: regulating the synthesis of chlorophyll; improving the stability of chlorophyll and light harvesting system II; improving photosynthetic efficiency and promoting photosynthesis; promoting plant tissue differentiation, inhibiting breathing in the dark, expanding stomata, etc. Basic physiological activity.

(2) Used as a green herbicide

The herbicide produced by 5-ALA can kill the weeds of dicotyledonous plants, but is harmless to crops such as grains, wheat, barley, etc., which are mostly monocotyledonous plants, and has selective herbicidal effect.

(3) Used as insecticide

Medical field

Medically, 5-ALA, as a new type of photodynamic drug, is not only used for the treatment of local or systemic skin cancer, but also for the diagnosis of bladder cancer, gastrointestinal cancer, and lung cancer.

5-ALA is a second-generation photosensitizer and a photodynamic therapy (PDT) drug. Photodynamic therapy refers to a new treatment method that only produces a therapeutic effect under the irradiation of a certain wavelength of light after the drug is given. It is the fourth increasingly mature treatment after surgery, radiotherapy, and drug therapy.

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